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Qt' OpenGL widgets as an ActiveX (executable)

The ActiveX control in this example uses the QGlWidget class in Qt to render an OpenGL scene in an ActiveX. The control exposes a few methods to change the scene. The example is based on the "box" example from the standard Qt distribution.

The example demonstrates the use of the default factory and QAxFactory::isServer(), and the implementation of an additional COM interface using QAxBindable and QAxAggregated. The server executable can run both as an ActiveX server and as a stand alone application.

The application uses the default factory as provided by the QAXFACTORY_DEFAULT macro to expose the GLBox widget as an ActiveX control.

    #include <qaxfactory.h>

The implementation of main initializes the QApplication object, and uses QAxFactory::isServer() to determine whether or not it is appropriate to create and show the application interface.
      The main program is here.

    int main( int argc, char **argv )
        QApplication::setColorSpec( QApplication::CustomColor );
        QApplication a(argc,argv);

        if ( !QGLFormat::hasOpenGL() ) {
            qWarning( "This system has no OpenGL support. Exiting." );
            return -1;

        if ( !QAxFactory::isServer() ) {
            GLObjectWindow w;
            w.resize( 400, 350 );
            a.setMainWidget( &w );
            return a.exec();
        return a.exec();

The GLBox class inherits from both the QGLWidget class to be able to render OpenGL, and from QAxBindable.

    #include <qaxbindable.h>

    class GLBox : public QGLWidget,
                  public QAxBindable
The class reimplements the QAxBindable::createAggregate() function from QAxBindable to return the pointer to a QAxAggregated object.

        GLBox( QWidget* parent, const char* name );

        QAxAggregated *createAggregate();

    public slots:

        void                setXRotation( int degrees );
The rest of the class declaration and the implementation of the OpenGL rendering is identical to the original "box" example.

The implementation file of the GLBox class includes the objsafe.h system header, in which the IObjectSafety COM interface is defined.

    #include <objsafe.h>
A class ObjectSafetyImpl is declared using multiple inheritance to subclass the QAxAggregated class, and to implement the IObjectSafety interface.
    class ObjectSafetyImpl : public QAxAggregated,
                             public IObjectSafety
The class declares a default constructor, and implements the queryInterface function to support the IObjectSafety interface.
        ObjectSafetyImpl() {}

        long queryInterface( const QUuid &iid, void **iface )
            *iface = 0;
            if ( iid == IID_IObjectSafety )
                *iface = (IObjectSafety*)this;
                return E_NOINTERFACE;

            return S_OK;
Since every COM interface inherits IUnknown the QAXAGG_IUNKNOWN macro is used to provide the default implementation of the IUnknown interface. The macro is defined to delegate all calls to QueryInterface, AddRef and Release to the interface returned by the controllingUnknown() function.
The implementation of the IObjectSafety interface provides the caller with information about supported and enabled safety options, and returns S_OK for all calls to indicate that the ActiveX control is safe.
        HRESULT WINAPI GetInterfaceSafetyOptions( REFIID riid, DWORD *pdwSupportedOptions, DWORD *pdwEnabledOptions )
            return S_OK;
        HRESULT WINAPI SetInterfaceSafetyOptions( REFIID riid, DWORD pdwSupportedOptions, DWORD pdwEnabledOptions )
            return S_OK;
The implementation of the createAggregate() function just returns a new ObjectSafetyImpl object.
    QAxAggregated *GLBox::createAggregate()
        return new ObjectSafetyImpl();

To build the example you must first build the QAxServer library. Then run qmake and your make tool in examples/wrapper.

The demonstration requires your WebBrowser to support ActiveX controls, and scripting to be enabled.

In contrast to the other QAxServer examples Internet Explorer will not open a dialog box to ask the user whether or not the scripting of the GLBox control should be allowed (the exact browser behaviour depends on the security settings in the Internet Options dialog).

    <SCRIPT LANGUAGE=JavaScript>
    function setRot( form )
        GLBox.setXRotation( form.XEdit.value );
        GLBox.setYRotation( form.YEdit.value );
        GLBox.setZRotation( form.ZEdit.value );

    An OpenGL scene:<br>
    <object ID="GLBox" CLASSID="CLSID:5fd9c22e-ed45-43fa-ba13-1530bb6b03e0"
    [Object not available! Did you forget to build and register the server?]

    Rotate the scene:<br>
    X:<input type="edit" ID="XEdit" value="0"><br>
    Y:<input type="edit" name="YEdit" value="0"><br>
    Z:<input type="edit" name="ZEdit" value="0"><br>
    <input type="button" value="Set" onClick="setRot(this.form)">

See also The QAxServer Examples.

Copyright © 2007 TrolltechTrademarks
Qt 3.3.8