( mysqladmin

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 8.4 `mysqladmin', Administering a MySQL Server
 `mysqladmin' is a client for performing administrative operations.  You
 can use it to check the server's configuration and current status,
 create and drop databases, and more.
 Invoke `mysqladmin' like this:
      shell> mysqladmin [OPTIONS] COMMAND [COMMAND-OPTION] COMMAND ...
 `mysqladmin' supports the following commands:
 `create DB_NAME'
      Create a new database named DB_NAME.
      Tell the server to write debug information to the error log.
 `drop DB_NAME'
      Delete the database named DB_NAME and all its tables.
      Display the server status variables and their values.
      Flush all information in the host cache.
      Flush all logs.
      Reload the grant tables (same as `reload').
      Clear status variables.
      Flush all tables.
      Flush the thread cache.  (Added in MySQL 3.23.16.)
 `kill id,id,...'
      Kill server threads.
 `old-password NEW-PASSWORD'
      This is like the `password' command but stores the password using
      the old (pre-4.1) password-hashing format. This command was added
      in MySQL 4.1.0.
 `password NEW-PASSWORD'
      Set a new password. This changes the password to `new-password'
      for the account that you use with `mysqladmin' for connecting to
      the server.
      If NEW-PASSWORD contains spaces or other characters that are
      special to your command interpreter, you will need to enclose it
      within quotes.  On Windows, be sure to use double quotes rather
      than single quotes; single quotes will be not be stripped from the
      password, they will be interpreted as part of the password.  For
      shell> mysqladmin password "my new password"
      Check whether the server is alive.  The return status from
      `mysqladmin' is 0 if the server is running, 1 if it is not.
      Beginning with MySQL 4.0.22, the status is 0 even in case of an
      error such as `Access denied', because that means the server is
      running but disallowed the connection, which is different from the
      server not running.
      Show a list of active server threads. This is like the output of
      the `SHOW PROCESSLIST' statement.  If the `--verbose' option is
      given, the output is like that of `SHOW FULL PROCESSLIST'.
      Reload the grant tables.
      Flush all tables and close and open log files.
      Stop the server.
      Start replication on a slave server.  (Added in MySQL 3.23.16.)
      Display a short server status message.
      Stop replication on a slave server.  (Added in MySQL 3.23.16.)
      Display the server system variables and their values.
      Display version information from the server.
 All commands can be shortened to any unique prefix.  For example:
      shell> mysqladmin proc stat
      | Id | User  | Host      | db | Command     | Time | State | Info |
      | 6  | monty | localhost |    | Processlist | 0    |       |      |
      Uptime: 10077  Threads: 1  Questions: 9  Slow queries: 0
      Opens: 6 Flush tables: 1  Open tables: 2
      Memory in use: 1092K  Max memory used: 1116K
 The `mysqladmin status' command result displays the following values:
      The number of seconds the MySQL server has been running.
      The number of active threads (clients).
      The number of questions (queries) from clients since the server
      was started.
 `Slow queries'
      The number of queries that have taken more than `long_query_time'
      seconds.   Slow query log.
      The number of tables the server has opened.
 `Flush tables'
      The number of `flush ...', `refresh', and `reload' commands the
      server has executed.
 `Open tables'
      The number of tables that currently are open.
 `Memory in use'
      The amount of memory allocated directly by `mysqld' code.  This
      value is displayed only when MySQL has been compiled with
 `Maximum memory used'
      The maximum amount of memory allocated directly by `mysqld' code.
      This value is displayed only when MySQL has been compiled with
 If you execute `mysqladmin shutdown' when connecting to a local server
 using a Unix socket file, `mysqladmin' waits until the server's process
 ID file has been removed, to ensure that the server has stopped
 `mysqladmin' supports the following options:
 `--help, -?'
      Display a help message and exit.
      The directory where character sets are installed.   Character
 `--compress, -C'
      Compress all information sent between the client and the server if
      both support compression.
 `--count=#, -c #'
      The number of iterations to make. This works only with `--sleep'
      Write a debugging log. The DEBUG_OPTIONS string often is
      `'d:t:o,FILE_NAME''.  The default is
      Use CHARSET as the default character set.   Character sets.
      Added in MySQL 4.1.9.
 `--force, -f'
      Don't ask for confirmation for the `drop database' command.  With
      multiple commands, continue even if an error occurs.
 `--host=HOST_NAME, -h HOST_NAME'
      Connect to the MySQL server on the given host.
 `--password[=PASSWORD], -p[PASSWORD]'
      The password to use when connecting to the server.  If you use the
      short option form (`-p'), you _cannot_ have a space between the
      option and the password.  If you omit the PASSWORD value following
      the `--password' or `-p' option on the command line, you will be
      prompted for one.
 `--port=PORT_NUM, -P PORT_NUM'
      The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection.
 `--protocol={TCP | SOCKET | PIPE | MEMORY}'
      The connection protocol to use.  New in MySQL 4.1.
 `--relative, -r'
      Show the difference between the current and previous values when
      used with `-i'. Currently, this option works only with the
      `extended-status' command.
 `--silent, -s'
      Exit silently if a connection to the server cannot be established.
 `--sleep=DELAY, -i DELAY'
      Execute commands again and again, sleeping for DELAY seconds in
 `--socket=PATH, -S PATH'
      The socket file to use for the connection.
 `--user=USER_NAME, -u USER_NAME'
      The MySQL username to use when connecting to the server.
 `--verbose, -v'
      Verbose mode.  Print out more information on what the program does.
 `--version, -V'
      Display version information and exit.
 `--vertical, -E'
      Print output vertically. This is similar to `--relative', but
      prints output vertically.
 `--wait[=#], -w[#]'
      If the connection cannot be established, wait and retry instead of
      aborting.  If an option value is given, it indicates the number of
      times to retry.  The default is one time.
 You can also set the following variables by using `--VAR_NAME=VALUE'
      The number of seconds before connection timeout.  (Default value
      is 0.)
      The number of seconds to wait for shutdown.  (Default value is 0.)
 It is also possible to set variables by using
 `--set-variable=VAR_NAME=VALUE' or `-O VAR_NAME=VALUE' syntax. However,
 this syntax is deprecated as of MySQL 4.0.
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