( Symbolic links to tables

Info Catalog ( Symbolic links to databases ( Symbolic links ( Windows symbolic links Using Symbolic Links for Tables on Unix
 Before MySQL 4.0, you should not symlink tables unless you are _very_
 careful with them. The problem is that if you run `ALTER TABLE',
 `REPAIR TABLE', or `OPTIMIZE TABLE' on a symlinked table, the symlinks
 will be removed and replaced by the original files. This happens
 because these statements work by creating a temporary file in the
 database directory and replacing the original file with the temporary
 file when the statement operation is complete.
 You should not symlink tables on systems that don't have a fully
 working `realpath()' call. (At least Linux and Solaris support
 `realpath()'). You can check whether your system supports symbolic links
 by issuing a `SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'have_symlink'' statement.
 In MySQL 4.0, symlinks are fully supported only for `MyISAM' tables.
 For other table types, you will probably get strange problems if you
 try to use symbolic links on files in the operating system with any of
 the preceding statements.
 The handling of symbolic links for `MyISAM' tables in MySQL 4.0 works
 the following way:
    * In the data directory, you will always have the table definition
      file, the data file, and the index file. The data file and index
      file can be moved elsewhere and replaced in the data directory by
      symlinks. The definition file cannot.
    * You can symlink the data file and the index file independently to
      different directories.
    * The symlinking can be done manually from the command line with `ln
      -s' if `mysqld' is not running. With SQL, you can instruct the
      server to perform the symlinking by using the `DATA DIRECTORY' and
    * `myisamchk' will not replace a symlink with the data file or index
      file.  It works directly on the file a symlink points to. Any
      temporary files are created in the directory where the data file
      or index file is located.
    * When you drop a table that is using symlinks, both the symlink and
      the file the symlink points to are dropped.  This is a good reason
      why you should _not_ run `mysqld' as `root' or allow users to have
      write access to the MySQL database directories.
    * If you rename a table with `ALTER TABLE ... RENAME' and you don't
      move the table to another database, the symlinks in the database
      directory are renamed to the new names and the data file and index
      file are renamed accordingly.
    * If you use `ALTER TABLE ... RENAME' to move a table to another
      database, the table is moved to the other database directory. The
      old symlinks and the files to which they pointed are deleted.  In
      other words, the new table will not be symlinked.
    * If you are not using symlinks, you should use the
      `--skip-symbolic-links' option to `mysqld' to ensure that no one
      can use `mysqld' to drop or rename a file outside of the data
 `SHOW CREATE TABLE' doesn't report if a table has symbolic links prior
 to MySQL 4.0.15. This is also true for `mysqldump', which uses `SHOW
 CREATE TABLE' to generate `CREATE TABLE' statements.
 Table symlink operations that are not yet supported:
      table options.
    * `BACKUP TABLE' and `RESTORE TABLE' don't respect symbolic links.
    * The `.frm' file must _never_ be a symbolic link (as indicated
      previously, only the data and index files can be symbolic links).
      Attempting to do this (for example, to make synonyms) will produce
      incorrect results.  Suppose that you have a database `db1' under
      the MySQL data directory, a table `tbl1' in this database, and in
      the `db1' directory you make a symlink `tbl2' that points to
           shell> cd /PATH/TO/DATADIR/db1
           shell> ln -s tbl1.frm tbl2.frm
           shell> ln -s tbl1.MYD tbl2.MYD
           shell> ln -s tbl1.MYI tbl2.MYI
      There will be problems if one thread reads `db1.tbl1' and another
      thread updates `db1.tbl2':
         - The query cache will be fooled (it will believe `tbl1' has
           not been updated so will return out-of-date results).
         - `ALTER' statements on `tbl2' will also fail.
Info Catalog ( Symbolic links to databases ( Symbolic links ( Windows symbolic links
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