( Repository

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 2 The Repository
 The CVS "repository" stores a complete copy of all the files and
 directories which are under version control.
    Normally, you never access any of the files in the repository
 directly.  Instead, you use CVS commands to get your own copy of the
 files into a "working directory", and then work on that copy.  When
 you've finished a set of changes, you check (or "commit") them back
 into the repository.  The repository then contains the changes which
 you have made, as well as recording exactly what you changed, when you
 changed it, and other such information.  Note that the repository is
 not a subdirectory of the working directory, or vice versa; they should
 be in separate locations.
    CVS can access a repository by a variety of means.  It might be on
 the local computer, or it might be on a computer across the room or
 across the world.  To distinguish various ways to access a repository,
 the repository name can start with an "access method".  For example,
 the access method `:local:' means to access a repository directory, so
 the repository `:local:/usr/local/cvsroot' means that the repository is
 in `/usr/local/cvsroot' on the computer running CVS.  For information
 on other access methods, see  Remote repositories.
    If the access method is omitted, then if the repository starts with
 `/', then `:local:' is assumed.  If it does not start with `/' then
 either `:ext:' or `:server:' is assumed.  For example, if you have a
 local repository in `/usr/local/cvsroot', you can use
 `/usr/local/cvsroot' instead of `:local:/usr/local/cvsroot'.  But if
 (under Windows NT, for example) your local repository is
 `c:\src\cvsroot', then you must specify the access method, as in
    The repository is split in two parts.  `$CVSROOT/CVSROOT' contains
 administrative files for CVS.  The other directories contain the actual
 user-defined modules.


* Specifying a repository     Telling CVS where your repository is
* Repository storage          The structure of the repository
* Working directory storage   The structure of working directories
* Intro administrative files  Defining modules
* Multiple repositories       Multiple repositories
* Creating a repository       Creating a repository
* Backing up                  Backing up a repository
* Moving a repository         Moving a repository
* Remote repositories         Accessing repositories on remote machines
* Read-only access            Granting read-only access to the repository
* Server temporary directory  The server creates temporary directories
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